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EDU431 PAST PAPERS
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Plasmid micro organism have further chromosomes
Along with their major chromosome, many micro organism have
Additional small, spherical chromosome. There are normally a couple of dozen of those chromosomes referred to as plasmids.
genes, and, importantly, a supply for copying (sequence .)
DNA transcription begins), refers to them as chromosomes. Plasmids are normally copied collectively
Major chromosome, however not so. EDU431 PAST PAPERS
Plasmids will not be viruses. they do not like cells
Construct molecular machines or protein coats to assist them
going from cell to cell. As a substitute, they are often moved between cells.
Throughout linkage, it provides some new genes to it.
recipient micro organism. EDU431 PAST PAPERS
As a result of plasmids are unbiased of the first chromosome (time period episome)
generally used for them), they don’t have to be reassembled
Alongside the first chromosome so as to add its genes to the recipient’s genes.
There are a lot of kinds of plasmids and categorized in accordance with
For the genetic varieties they carry. Some code for catabolic enzymes, others permit fusion, others code
Genes that block antibiotic assault. EDU431 PAST PAPERS
Different plasmids carry conventions for uncommon metabolic capabilities.
Some plasmids, often called metabolic components, already include genes
Let their recipients have irregular metabolic capabilities. For instance, many uncommon hydrocarbons are
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