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CS609 PAST PAPERS
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human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and a few are uncommon
Tumor viruses carry RNA as their genes, however don’t
Simulate as RNA-to-RNA. As an alternative, after a number cell an infection.
They make a DNA copy of their gene and use it to make
However RNA. Each these RNAs are additionally used as genes.
Be mRNA for viral replication and manufacturing of viral proteins.
The synthesis of DNA from RNA is known as reverse transcription.
Not surprisingly, such viruses are referred to as retroviruses.
Copy: DNA-directed RNA synthesis
Even RNA viruses present adjustments
The central principle is that in true prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, RNA synthesis is pushed by DNA.
Transcription – the creation of a particular RNA from a particular DNA – requires a number of elements:
A DNA template for complementary base attachment
Appropriate ribonucleoside triphosphate (ATP,
GTP, CTP and UTP) to behave as substrates
an enzyme, RNA polymerase
One of many two strands of DNA in every gene –
Template strand – translated. One other filler
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